11 Fantastic Flowers That Start with F + Growing Guide Charts

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Brock Ingham
Brock Ingham

Have you ever wondered how a touch of floral magic could transform your garden or grove into an enchanting paradise? Well, wonder no more! Fabulous flowers that start with F are the secret to creating outdoor spaces that burst with color, fragrance, and life. Whether you’re drawn to the vibrant allure of full blooms or the delicate charm of more elusive favorites, these blossoms have been captivating gardeners for generations.

Pink Firecracker Flower

I’m forging forwards along my file of favorite flowers, in alphabetical order. We’ve found the letter ‘f’. Fantastic! So, let’s roll up our sleeves and dig into the magic of blossoms that will make your garden dreams come true.

List of flowers A-Z


1. Fan flower (Scaevola aemula)

Fan flower
Fan flower

The fan flower is an Australian native with delicate fan-shaped blooms in shades of purple and blue, just as the name suggests. They’re a sprawling ground cover that does well in baskets or other containers, tumbling over the edge to cascade in spectacular profusion.

Fan flowers are tropical; specialists, so you’ll need to bring them inside as the weather becomes cold. They will do just fine if their light needs are met.

Botanical Name:Scaevola aemula
Growth Rate:Moderate
Native Range:Dry regions of Australia
Hardiness Zones:10 to 11
Soil Needs:Free-draining soils of most types
Exposure:Partial shade
Blooming Period:Summer to fall
Fan Flower Growing Guide Chart

2. Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium)


Feverfew is a classic daisy, with a sweet golden heart trimmed in short, cheerful white petals. It takes its name from its traditional herbal uses. Teas made from it’sflowers and leaves have been recorded as early as the fifth century BC.

These days it’s more common to use it in cottage gardens or to attract pollinators.

Botanical Name:Tanacetum parthenium
Growth Rate:Fast
Native Range:Europe and Central Asia
Hardiness Zones:5a to 8b
Soil Needs:Well-draining, moist soil of most types
Exposure:Full sun to partial shade
Blooming Period:Summer
Feverfew Growing Guide Chart

3. Firecracker Flower (Justicia floribunda)


The burning bright blooms of the firecracker flower almost sizzle in radiant shades of orange and gold. This attractive shrub comes from Brazil, and it comes as a surprise to no one that hummingbirds just can’t get enough of them.

Their tubular flowers and ruddy hue are tailored to their tastes. The firecracker flower blooms right up to the edge of winter, making them an essential source of food for nectar lovers late in the year.

Botanical Name:Justicia floribunda
Growth Rate:Moderate
Native Range:Brazil
Hardiness Zones:9 to 11
Soil Needs:Will grow in most types in drainage needs are met
Exposure:Partial shade
Blooming Period:Spring to fall
Firecracker Growing Guide Chart

4. Fivespot (Nemophila maculata)

Fivespot 1

Pinstriped and spotted, there’s something almost formal about the delicate blossoms of the Fivespot. It’s an American wildflower, a lively low-growing annual that produces clusters of foot-high lowers through spring and early summer.

It prefers cool conditions and will self-seed if left to its own devices, producing meadows of nodding blooms. It can easily form long-lasting colonies over time, an enduring treat in a wildflower garden.

Botanical Name:Nemophila maculata
Growth Rate:Fast
Native Range:California
Hardiness Zones:8 to 10
Soil Needs:Prefers sandy, well-draining soils but will tolerate most types of drainage needs are met
Exposure:Full sun to full shade
Blooming Period:Late winter to early spring
Fivespot Growing Guide Chart

5. Fire pink (Silene virginica)

Fire Pink
Fire pink

Fire pink is another bright red bloomer beloved by hummingbirds. Their star-shaped scarlet blooms are so tailored to the birds they look almost like commercial hummingbird feeders. They’re very easy to grow, so if you have a soft spot for tiny hummers it’s a snap to get them growing in a bright corner or bed.

The plant also tends to be quite sticky, a tactic to discourage insect pests that earns them their other common name of ‘catchfly’. They’re considered an ecologically vulnerable plant in their native range, so planting them helps the fire pink along with those creatures that enjoy its taste.

Botanical Name:Silene virginica
Growth Rate:Fast
Native Range:Central and eastern United Stats
Hardiness Zones:4a to 8b
Soil Needs:Will tolerate most soil types
Exposure:Full sun to partial shade
Blooming Period:Spring to summer
Fire pink Growing Guide Chart

6. False rue anemone (Enemion biternatum)

False Rue anemone
False Rue-anemone

The False Rue-anemone is a sweet, delicate wildflower that is often confused with a couple of its close cousins, the wood anemone or the rue anemone. All three of these American natives produce similar flowers, with soft white petals that gently cup a hidden heart.

It’s much of a muchness, as all are just as lovely when featuring a well-shaded wildflower garden. The false rue anemone is one of the first flowers to bloom in its native range, often forcing its fragile flowers through the snow in a display of surprising vigor.

Botanical Name:Enemion biternatum
Growth Rate:Fast
Native Range:Eastern United States
Hardiness Zones:3 to 8
Soil Needs: Organically rich, moist loams
Exposure:Partial shade
Blooming Period:Early spring
False Rue-anemone Growing Guide Chart

7. False indigo (Baptisia alba)

False Indigo
False Indigo

The False Indigo is a spectacular native shrub, capable of producing massive spikes covered in delicate flowers that reach upwards of a foot and a half long. They don’t have much fragrance but are very attractive to bumblebees all the same.

It’s a type of wild legume, and as such fixes nitrogen into the soil. As a result, they fertilize the soil around them as they grow, making them a valuable addition to wildflower meadows and butterfly gardens alike.

Botanical Name:Baptisia alba
Growth Rate:Fast
Native Range:Eastern United Stats
Hardiness Zones:3 to 10
Soil Needs:Tolerates most soil types
Exposure:Full sun
Blooming Period:Spring to summer
False Indigo Growing Guide Chart

8. Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)


Foxgloves are a romantic favorite, a staple of European-style cottage gardens. They’re valued for their tall spires of purple, pink, and white bell blooms, dappled and tall, a popular pitstop for buzzing bees and fluttering butterflies.

The foxglove has a mysterious history, with tales of its potent compounds being used for both nefarious and beneficial purposes. While it has been associated with harmful intentions in the past, its properties have also been explored by professionals for potential therapeutic uses.

Botanical Name:Digitalis purpurea
Growth Rate:Slow
Native Range:Western Europe
Hardiness Zones:4 to 9
Soil Needs: Tolerates most soils if moisture needs are met
Exposure:Full sun to partial shade
Blooming Period:Spring to summer
Foxglove Growing Guide Chart

9. Fairy Duster (Calliandra eriophylla)

Fairy Duster
Fairy Duster

The Fairy Duster is a fairly plain desert shrub, often described as ‘straggly’ or ‘gangly’. Come spring those otherwise uninspiring branches burst into a profusion of feisty pop-pom-shaped candy-pink flowers.

They’ll often surprise with a second flush after fall rains, a cheeky late-season delight. A fairy duster bush or two is a quirky choice for water-wise gardens in warm areas and can provide a pitstop for otherwise thirsty insects and nectar-loving birds.

Botanical Name:Calliandra eriophylla
Growth Rate:Slow
Native Range:Southwestern United States and Mexico
Hardiness Zones:7 to 11
Soil Needs:Well-draining sandy soils
Exposure:Full sun
Blooming Period:Spring
Fairy Duster Growing Guide Chart

10. Four O’clock (Mirabilis jalapa)

Four Oclock
Four O’clock

Also known as the marvel of Peru, the four o’clock’s brightly colored blossoms pop open with almost clockwork precision each afternoon. They open late to court hummingbirds and moths, blooming all night long and only closing come morning.

Commercial cultivars are available in a bewildering range of colors, from bright reds and scarlet through to pink, purple and variegated varieties. These remarkable plants will quite often feature many different colored flowers all at once on the same plant.

Botanical Name:Mirabilis jalapa
Growth Rate:Fast
Native Range:Mexico and Central America
Hardiness Zones:9a to 10b
Soil Needs: Organically rich, well-draining soils of most types
Exposure:Full sun
Blooming Period:Spring to fall
Four O’clock Growing Guide Chart

11. Forsythia (Forsythia)


A Forsythia in full spring display is a shimmering mirage of gold, every branch and twig decorated in radiant yellow flowers. These early flowers are not just spectacular, but provide vital early food for pollinators.

They’re a diverse group of shrubs, with small varieties sporting compact growth of no more than three feet to real monsters that tower at ten feet tall and just as wide. They are spectacular when planted as screens or hedges, turning the whole world gold when they bloom.

Botanical Name:Forsythia
Growth Rate:Fast
Native Range:China and Korea
Hardiness Zones:3b to 8
Soil Needs:Moist, well-draining soil of most types
Exposure:Full sun
Blooming Period:Early spring
Forsythia Growing Guide Chart

Final Thoughts

First and foremost, flowers of all flavors and fragrances are fantastic for foragers and floral fanciers alike. Feature your favorites in fields of fabulous fancies, and feel the freedom of fostering a fantasy.

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