12 Charming Flowers That Start with C + Growing Guide Charts

Comely flowers cascade and creep, copious in cultivation and cautious around corners. Consistently charming and conspicuously cheerful, confident cultivators cater to these floral creations from carnations to cornflowers.

Pink Cockscomb flowers
Pink Cockscomb flowers

I’m creeping along the collection of my most cherished flowers, down the column in alphabetical order. Can you tell we’re on to the letter C? Let’s continue!

List of flowers A-Z

AB-C-DEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ


1. Cardinal flower (Lobelia cardinalis)

Cardinal flower
Cardinal flower

Like a line of red-robed clergymen, the tall flowering spires of the cardinal flower glow a deep, velvety red. The plant itself is only a foot or two tall, but once the summer heat arrives it quickly produces a six-foot-tall inflorescence covered in dainty red blooms.

The bright color of this red perennial is irresistible to hummingbirds but also provides nectar to other useful garden visitors like butterflies and bees.

Botanical Name:Lobelia cardinalis
Growth Rate:Fast
Native Range:Eastern United States
Hardiness Zones:3a to 9b
Soil Needs:Organically rich, moist to wet soils. Does poorly in sand or rocky soils
Exposure:Full sun to full shade
Blooming Period:Summer to fall
Cardinal flower Growing Guide Chart

2. Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus)

Carnation
Carnation

Classic carnations are surprisingly easy to grow at home, a fantastic choice for sunny corners of the garden looking for season-long blooms. Their popularity as a cut flower means there’s a color and cultivar for just about any taste – I’m personally partial to ruffly bi-colored carnations.

They do well in sandy soils with lots of organic material added to retain moisture and keep their heat-sensitive roots nice and cool.

Botanical Name:Dianthus caryophyllus
Growth Rate:Moderate
Native Range:Mediterranean
Hardiness Zones:7 to 10
Soil Needs:Moist, organically rich sandy or rocky soil.
Exposure:Full sun to partial shade
Blooming Period:Summer
Water needs:Moderate
Carnation Growing Guide Chart

3. Chocolate Daisy (Berlandiera lyrata)

Chocolate Daisy
Chocolate Daisy

Also charmingly known as lyre leaf green eyes, the chocolate daisy is a common sight along roadsides and grasslands across the southwest. They’re sweetly scented night-blooming wildflowers, calling out to moths and small bats as well as more common pollinators like bees. It’s a rich and chocolatey fragrance that carries well into the early or mid-morning.

Botanical Name: Berlandiera lyrata
Growth Rate: Fast
Native Range: Southern United States and Mexico
Hardiness Zones:4 to 10
Soil Needs:Most types of drainage needs are met
Exposure:Full sun
Blooming Period:Spring to fall; all year in warm regions
Chocolate Daisy Growing Guide Chart

4. Candytuft (Iberis sempervirens)

Candytuft
Candytuft

Candytuft is a sprawling ground cover known for abundant snowy white flowers. It’s low growing, with creeping tendrils and often blooms so thickly it’s common for the leaves to be totally obscured behind its cascading blossoms.

This sweet delight does well as a border plant, but really shines in hanging baskets or containers that allow its cascading floral displays to center stage.

Botanical Name:Iberis sempervirens
Growth Rate:Fast
Native Range:Spain and Portugal
Hardiness Zones:3 to 8
Soil Needs:Will tolerate most soils if drainage needs are met
Exposure:Full sun
Blooming Period:Spring
Candytuft Growing Guide Chart

5. Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)

Coneflower
Coneflower

Coneflowers produce a rainbow of tall, nodding wildflowers, with bright petals ranging from white and yellow to purple, gold, and scarlet. They’re a hardy flower that takes well to most conditions, producing long-lasting flowers from mid-summer right into fall.

They’re a great food source for native wildlife, even feeding vulnerable bird life as the flowers go to seed. They’re great for people, too as all parts of the plant can be used for a health-boosting tea.

Botanical Name:Echinacea purpurea
Growth Rate:Fast
Native Range:Eastern and central United States
Hardiness Zones:3 to 8
Soil Needs:Will tolerate most soils
Exposure:Eastern and Central United States
Blooming Period:Summer to fall
Coneflower Growing Guide Chart

6. Cuckoo Flower (Cardamine pratensis)

Cuckoo Flower 1
Cuckoo Flower

When the cuckoos start to call in the early spring the cuckoo flower raises its blooms in answer. These delicate pale flowers thrive in shady, moist corners of the garden, drawing butterflies to every corner. The blossoms range from white to pink and cream with a delicate fragrance. It’s a type of cress, and young leaves are great in salads.

Botanical Name:Cardamine pratensis
Growth Rate:Slow
Native Range:Europe
Hardiness Zones:3 to 7
Soil Needs: Part of full shade
Exposure:Part shade to full shade
Ease of Care:Easy
Diseases:Some risk of mildews or rust
Blooming Period:Spring
Cuckoo Flower Growing Guide Chart

7. Crocus (Crocus sativus)

Crocus
Crocus

Fall-blooming crocus flowers bring a much-welcome pop of purple to the garden as the seasons turn. They are valued for both their elegant blooms and the golden bounty they contain. The spice saffron is worth more than its weight in gold and is exclusively found in the heart of crocus flowers. You’ll need a lot to flavor your food, but thankfully they are just as treasured as a garden feature.

Botanical Name:Crocus sativus
Growth Rate:Moderate
Native Range:Mainland Greece
Hardiness Zones:5a to 8b
Soil Needs:Moist, organically rich sand or loam
Exposure:Full sun
Blooming Period:Fall
Crocus Growing Guide Chart

8. California Poppy (Eschscholzia California)

California Poppy
California Poppy

The buttery yellow flowers of the California poppy are easy to grow and just as easy to love. They thrive in poor-quality soils and can turn a sandy patch of barren land into a paradise of green and gold, a welcoming sight for native butterflies, bees and bird life. As a wildflower the California poppy is known for its rich golden color, newer domesticated cultivars flower in pinks and reds, too.

Botanical Name:Eschscholzia california
Growth Rate:Fast
Native Range:Western United States
Hardiness Zones:6 to 10
Soil Needs: All types of provided drainage is good
Exposure:Full sun
Blooming Period:Year-round in warm conditions
California Poppy Growing Guide Chart

9. Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum indicum)

Chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemum

A hardy shrub with sweet golden flowers, botanists suspect this form of chrysanthemum may be the parent species from which other domestic varieties were cultivated.

It’s tough as nails, and easily grown in just about any soil type when provided with enough sun. It’s treasured in traditional Chinese medicine, where teas and tinctures made from its flowers treat everything from eye ailments to stomach problems and scrofula. Mum’s are one of the most common sights among fall-planted gardens in my area, how about yours?

Botanical Name:Chrysanthemum indicum
Growth Rate:Fast
Native Range:Eastern Asia
Hardiness Zones:5 to 9
Soil Needs:Tolerates all soil types if drainage needs are met
Exposure:Full sun
Blooming Period:Late summer
Chrysanthemum Growing Guide Chart

10. Cosmos (Cosmos bipinnatus)

Cosmos
Cosmos

Cosmos are classic wildflowers, with wide cheerful blooms in shades of pink, purple, and white. Their long-lasting flowers are simple, with many petals ringing a bright yellow heart. It’s hard to go past them for beginner gardeners, as they are almost ridiculously easy to grow. All they need is a bit of warm and sunlight and they will flower abundantly all through the summer.

Botanical Name:Cosmos bipinnatus
Growth Rate:Fast
Native Range:Mexico and the southwestern United States
Hardiness Zones:2a to 11b
Soil Needs: Tolerates most soil types
Exposure:Full sun to partial shade
Blooming Period:Spring to fall
Cosmos Growing Guide Chart

11. Canadian Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis)

Canadian Goldenrod
Canadian Goldenrod

Canadian Goldenrod is a stunningly tall yellow flower, with tall luxurious racemes six feet tall and radiantly yellow. The individual flowers are small but clustered together in dense profusion.

They’re native to the United States and can be found in prairies and roadsides across the country. They’re a vital late-season food plant for pollinators as they provide rich quantities of pollen and nectar.

Botanical Name:Solidago canadensis
Growth Rate:Moderate
Native Range:Southern Canada and North America
Hardiness Zones:3 to 9
Soil Needs:Loamy or clay soils with good moisture retention
Exposure:Full sun
Blooming Period:Summer to fall
Canadian Goldenrod Growing Guide Chart

12. Coral Bells (Heuchera spp.)

Coral Bells
Coral Bells

For year-round color, coral bells provide both charming flowers and colorful, season-long captivating foliage. The flowers are delicate bell-shaped blooms in shades of pink, red, and white, but it’s the leaves that are truly awe-inspiring. They range from green to purple and pink, burgundy, and rich chocolate brows. No matter the time of year, coral bells delight.

Botanical Name:Heuchera spp.
Growth Rate:Moderate
Native Range:Russia, Eastern Asia and North America
Hardiness Zones:3 to 9
Soil Needs:Moist, organically rich loams
Exposure:Full sun to partial shade
Blooming Period:Spring to fall
Coral Bells Growing Guide Chart

Final thoughts

Cute and cheerful, these charismatic flowers are certain to charm the most stubborn and ill-tempered individuals. Choose carefully and be certain of cascades of captivating blooms and congenial blossoms for you to enjoy.

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